Financially speaking

Have you ever seen the abbreviation p.a.?

As in the sentence:

Sales increased by 5 per cent p.a.

The abbreviation p.a. is short for per annum and is a Latin phrase meaning per year.

You might know that I’m not a big lover of abbreviations, as I find they can often confuse people. I’d rather use the full term.

So I suggest writing:

Sales increased by 5 per cent per year.

Merry Xmas

You’ve probably seen the word “Xmas” before. It’s quite a common abbreviation of the word Christmas. It’s considered to be informal and should, therefore, only be used in headlines or in greeting cards. I would never use it in a formal piece of writing.

Job titles and their abbreviations

Do you know these job titles and their abbreviations?

  • CCO – Chief Communications Officer
  • CEO – Chief Executive Officer
  • CFO – Chief Financial Officer
  • CMO – Chief Marketing Officer
  • COO – Chief Operations Officer
  • MD – Managing Director
  • PA – Personal Assistant

(I’ve not yet met a CCO, CMO or COO. But, I know the others!)

British degree abbreviations

Do you know what these abbreviations mean? They are all educational degrees.

  • BA – Bachelor of Arts
  • BSc – Bachelor of Science
  • MA – Master of Arts
  • MSc – Master of Science
  • MPhil – Master of Philosophy
  • LLB – Bachelor of Laws

You’ll find a long list of British degrees here.

Let’s get cooking

Do you sometimes find recipes in English and don’t know what the abbreviations means? Not to worry. Help is at hand.

  • tsp – teaspoon/teaspoons
  • tbs or tbsp – tablespoon/tablespoons
  • c – cup/cups
  • gal – gallon
  • lb – pound/pounds
  • pt – pint
  • qt – quart